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Can You Be Around a Fire Pit When Pregnant?

Can You Be Around a Fire Pit When Pregnant?

Sitting around a cozy, crackling outdoor fire pit is a popular way to enjoy the outdoors. But if you’re pregnant, you may wonder if being around a fire pit is safe for you and your unborn baby.

In this comprehensive guide, we’ll explore the potential effects of fire pit smoke on pregnancy and provide precautions to take if exposed. We’ll also suggest smoke-free alternatives you can enjoy instead and discuss when to see your doctor.

Key Takeaways

  • Fire pit smoke contains harmful gases and particles that can increase risks of preterm birth, low birth weight, birth defects, and other issues. 
  • Sit upwind so smoke doesn't blow directly on you. Wear an N95 mask to filter out smoke particles. Consider more open, well-ventilated areas.
  • See a doctor promptly for persistent coughing, wheezing, chest tightness, etc. after smoke exposure. Those with asthma face higher risks.
pregnant woman sitting near a fire pit in an outdoor setting

    Is Fire Pit Smoke Harmful During Pregnancy?

    Yes, fire pit smoke is harmful to pregnant women. Exposure to smoke from fire pits may negatively impact a pregnancy. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), fire pit smoke contains harmful gases and fine particles that can affect fetal growth when inhaled.

    Specifically, studies show exposure to fire pit smoke during pregnancy can increase the risk of:

    • Preterm birth: Delivery before 37 weeks
    • Low birth weight: Less than 5.5 pounds
    • Birth defects like cleft lip or cleft palate
    • Gestational diabetes
    • Gestational hypertension
    • Stillbirth: Pregnancy loss after 20 weeks

    Why Smoke Harms Pregnancy?

    Although the exact biological mechanisms are still being researched, scientists say these poor pregnancy outcomes occur because:

    • The smoke can reduce oxygen flow to the placenta and baby
    • Inflammation and cell damage from smoke byproducts hamper fetal growth
    • Hormonal changes from smoke stress the mother's body and pregnancy

    So while an occasional brief exposure may not be directly harmful, extended or repetitive exposure to fire pit smoke should be avoided during pregnancy whenever possible.

    an outdoor setting with a round fire pit and surrounded by chairs

    Precautions for Pregnant Women Exposed to Fire Pit Smoke

    If attendance at an outdoor event with a fire pit is unavoidable, pregnant attendees can take precautions to protect themselves and their unborn babies:

    Limit Time Spent Around the Fire Pit

    Aim for less than 15 minutes of exposure at one time. Take regular breaks by moving away from the immediate area.

    Position Yourself Upwind From the Smoke

    Sit so smoke blows away from you, not toward you. This helps prevent directly inhaling the hazardous small particulates in smoke.

    Wear an N95 Mask

    An N95 mask fits tightly and is designed to filter out 95% of the microscopic particles found in wildfire smoke. This greatly minimizes the amount of pollution you breathe into your lungs. Make sure to get a properly fitted model that does not impede breathing.

    Key Features of an N95 Mask to Protect Against Smoke

    Feature Description
    Tight Fit Forms tight seal against the face
    Filtration Filters out 95% of particles
    Unimpeded Breathing Allows normal inhaling/exhaling
    Proper Size Correctly fitted to the wearer's face

    Consider Attending Fire Pits in More Open Areas

    Well-ventilated areas, such as parks or beaches, allow smoke to dissipate instead of concentrating in one space. This leads to better overall air quality. However, if you need to install an outdoor fire pit at home, be sure to choose the best smokeless fire pit designed to minimize smoke exposure.

    When to Talk to Your Doctor About Smoke Exposure

    See a medical provider promptly if pregnant and experiencing:

    • Persistent coughing or wheezing
    • Shortness of breath
    • Chest tightness or pain
    • Heart palpitations

    Underlying conditions like asthma also amplify risks from particulate inhalation. Those with chronic medical issues should consult their practitioner on potential impacts and how to best minimize them.

    Routine prenatal visits allow assessments of fetal growth rates and overall well-being too. Discuss any fire pit usage so your healthcare providers can determine if extra tests or fetal monitoring are warranted after exposure incidents. Don’t hesitate to ask questions about reproductive health as impacted by environmental factors.


    Pregnant women do face higher risks from inhaling smoke. Being aware and smart about exposure levels coupled with alternative options can help minimize potential hazards. Discuss any concerns over participation in fire pit gatherings with your medical team too. They can offer guidance tailored to your specific pregnancy situation and health profile.
    While the occasional brief exposure may not be directly harmful, limiting smoke intake as much as possible is the best way to safeguard mother and baby during this critical developmental period.


    Is it safe to cook over an open fire during wildfire season when pregnant?

    It's best to limit any exposure to smoke during pregnancy, whether you're cooking or just outdoors. The smoke can contain carbon monoxide and other toxic substances. If possible, it would be safer to cook indoors with good ventilation or opt for a smokeless fire pit kit.

    What precautions should I take to protect myself from indoor air pollution during a wildfire?

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) recommend staying indoors, closing all windows and doors, and using an air conditioner and air purifier can help to reduce indoor air pollution. It is also essential to follow evacuation instructions if you are told to leave your home. Always follow experts' or authorities' directions in such situations.

    Can I breastfeed my baby if I've been exposed to wildfire smoke?

    Yes, breastfeeding is still recommended even if you've been exposed to smoke. While wildfire smoke can be harmful, the benefits of breastfeeding significantly outweigh any potential risks. Always consult your medical expert if you have concerns.

    Can taking prenatal vitamins help reduce the risks from wildfire smoke during pregnancy?

    While prenatal vitamins are vital for a healthy pregnancy, they cannot directly counteract the effects of exposure to wildfire smoke. However, maintaining overall health can help your body cope better with any potential stress or harm from smoke exposure. Always consult your doctor for advice on medication during pregnancy.

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    About The Author

    Andy Wu - Resident Expert

    Andy Wu - Resident Expert

    Andy Wu is the resident backyard products expert and hails from Atlanta, Georgia. His passion for crafting outdoor retreats began in 2003.

    As a fellow homeowner, he founded Backyard Oasis to provide top-quality furnishings and equipment, collaborating with leading manufacturers.

    His main focus is on sheds and generators!

    In his spare time he like to hike the tallest mountains in the world and travel with his family.

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